“One of the seminal texts of Egyptology and African historiography. In this ground-breaking work, Cheikh Anta Diop overturns decades of European efforts to separate Egypt from Africa by showing that the archeological, historical and anthropological evidence shows that Egypt was an African civilization.” David Levesley, Social Media Editor
“Marcus Garvey was the founder and leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), the largest social movement of black people in history. The UNIA was founded in Jamaica in 1914 and headquartered in Harlem from 1920. By the late 1930s the UNIA had members in the Caribbean, Africa, Europe and over 700,000 members in more than 30 states of the US.” David Levesley, Social Media Editor
“This is CLR James’s study of the extraordinary slave revolt in the Caribbean island of San Domingo which lead to the establishment of Haiti, the first independent Black republic. This is the only instance in the history of revolts against slavery that the slaves managed to overthrow the slave system.” David Levesley, Social Media Editor
“The book is an examination of the long centuries of relations between the British and black people. It is subtitled ‘A Forgotten History’ for good reasons. For centuries the British establishment, including historians (official and unofficial) have buried this relationship in an effort to avoid confronting “unpleasant and inconvenient truths”. David Levesley, Social Media Editor
Following the riots across the country in the Summer of 1981, 12 young Asian men from Bradford were charged with ‘conspiracy to cause explosives and endanger lives' in April 1982. All were acquitted after establishing the defence that a community faced with potential or actual attack had the right to self-defence.
Elliot Browne a senior Manager in the NHS is found to have been subjected to 'systematic bullying and harassment' at Central Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust in January 2012. He is awarded £933,000 compensation , the biggest pay out of its kind to date and established how serious race discrimination in employment may be treated.
The Mangrove Nine, a group of British black activists were tried for inciting a riot at a protest, in 1970, against the police targeting of the Mangrove Restaurant, Notting Hill, in west London in November 1971. Their trial lasted 55 days and involved various challenges by the Nine to the legitimacy of the judicial process. They were all acquitted of the most serious charges and the trial became the first judicial acknowledgement of behaviour motivated by racial hatred within the Metropolitan police
Stephen Lawrence, an 18-year-old was stabbed to death in an unprovoked attack by a gang of white youths as he waits at a bus stop in Eltham, south-east London, with his friend Duwayne Brooks in April 1993 Neil and Jamie Acourt, David Norris, Gary Dobson and Luke Knight are arrested. After the CPS drop the case in 1997, the Government drops the double Jeopardy rule preventing retrials on the same matter in April 2005 and convictions followed for Dobson and Norris in 2012.
Valerie Amos, Baroness Amos became the first black woman in history to lead the upper house of Parliament when she was appointed to the position by the Prime Minister in 2003
Paul Boateng became the UK's first Black Cabinet Minister in May 2002, when he was appointed as Chief Secretary to the Treasury.
Sajid Javid was appointed Home Secretary in April 2018 by the PrimeMinister, the first Asian and the first from a Muslim background to hold one of the Great Offices of State.
Sadiq Khan was elected Mayor of London at the May 2016 mayoral election.He is London's first ethnic minority mayor. Khan won the largest number of votes in one election of any politician in British history.
Dennis Andries MBE Former Three Times WBC Light Heavyweight Champion.
Nigel Benn Former two-weight WBO middleweight and WBC super-middleweight World Champion
Frank Bruno MBE Former WBC Heavyweight World Champion
Lennox Lewis CM CBE Former three-time world heavyweight champion, two-time lineal champion, and undisputed heavyweight World Champion
Bernardine Evaristo MBE is an award-winning author of seven books . The Guardian writes, “If you don’t yet know her work, you should – she says things about modern Britain that no one else does.”
Aminatta Forna OBE is an award-winning author .Her memoir, The Devil that Danced on the Water was chosen for the “Barnes & Noble Discover New Writers” series. Her novel, The Memory of Love, was shortlisted for The Commonwealth Writers’ Prize in 2011.
Alex Wheatle is an award-winning author, Wheatle uses his platform as a voice against abuse and sexual assault. In 2008, he was awarded as a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for his services to literature.
Benjamin Zephaniah was included in The Times list of Britain’s top 50 post-war writers and declined the offer of an OBE in 2003 for his services to Poetry and Literature.
Lynette Yiadom-Boakye (born 1977) is a painter and writer of Ghanaian descent born in London.In 2006, Yiadom-Boakye won The Arts Foundation Fellowship for Painting. In 2012, she won the Pinchuk Foundation Future Generation Prize. In 2013, Yiadom-Boakye was shortlisted for the Turner Prize for her exhibition at Chisenhale Gallery in 2012
Steven Rodney McQueen CBE (born 1969)] is a British film director, producer, screenwriter, and video artist. For his 2013 film, 12 Years a Slave, a historical drama adaptation of an 1853 slave narrative memoir, he won an Academy Award, BAFTA Award for Best Film, and Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama.McQueen is the first black filmmaker to win an Academy Award for Best Picture
Christopher Ofili, CBE (born 1968) is a British Turner Prize-winning painter who is best known for his paintings incorporating elephant dung.His Orgena, a glittery portrait of a black woman created by the artist for his Turner Prize-winning exhibit at the Tate in 1998 was sold to an American collector for a record £1.8million, over its £1 million high estimate, at Christie's London in 2010.In 2015, art collector David Walsh sold Ofili’s 8-foot-tall The Holy Virgin Mary for £2.9 million pounds at Christie’s
Yinka Shonibare MBE RA (born 1962) is a British-Nigerian artist living in the United Kingdom. His work explores cultural identity, colonialism and post-colonialism within the contemporary context of globalisation.Other works include printed ceramics, and cloth-covered shoes, upholstery, walls and bowls.His work is included in notable museum collections including Tate, London; the National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C.; Museum of Modern Art, New York;among others.
Craig Ashley David is an English singer, songwriter and rapper and record producer who rose to fame in 1999, featuring on the single "Re-Rewind" by Artful Dodger. David's debut studio album, Born to Do It, was released in 2000, after which he has released a further five studio albums and worked with a variety of artists such as: Tinchy Stryder, Kano, and Jay Sean. David has 20 UK Top 40 singles, and seven UK Top 40 albums, selling over 15,000,000 records worldwide as a solo artist.
Billy Ocean debut album gave him three Top 20 hits in 1976 then more global success followed in 1984 when Caribbean Queen rocketed to No.1 in the US and began a run of hits, including the global smashes When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going (1986) and Get Outta My Dreams, Get into My Car (1988).
Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel known professionally as Seal, has sold more than 20 million records worldwide and is known for his international hits, including "Kiss from a Rose", which appeared on the soundtrack to the 1995 film Batman Forever. Seal has won multiple awards throughout his career, including three Brit Awards; he won Best British Male in 1992, as well as four Grammy Awards and an MTV Video Music Award.
Wiley – aka Richard Kylea Cowie – is widely considered the Godfather of grime. He enjoyed success in grime and garage groups, and as a solo artist.He has forged a genre that both contains black British musical history, and pushes it forward. It has enabled the success of artists from Dizzee Rascal to Stormzy to Skepta, whose cultural dominance have given shape to the wider identity of 21st Century British youth culture.
Sheila Chandra is a retired British pop singer of Indian descent. As a teenager she formed the band Monsoon with Steve Coe.Their hit single, "Ever So Lonely", peaked at No. 12 in the UK in 1982. Chandra went on to release a number of albums in the 1980s.
Natasha Khan , known professionally as Bat for Lashes, is an English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist. She has released four studio albums, Fur and Gold (2006), Two Suns (2009), The Haunted Man (2012) and The Bride (2016), receiving Mercury Prize nominations for Fur and Gold, Two Suns and The Bride.
Mathangi "Maya" Arulpragasam better known by her stage name M.I.A. (pronounced as distinct initials), is a British rapper, singer-songwriter, record producer, and activist. Since rising to prominence in early 2004 for her singles "Sunshowers" and "Galang", charting in Canada UK and the US.She has been nominated for an Academy Award, three Grammy Awards and the Mercury Prize. Esquire ranked M.I.A. on its list of the 75 most influential people of the 21st century in January 2010.
Sazia Judge is an internationally acclaimed Punjabi singer, composer, lyricist, actress and performer.The Queen of Bhangra has had a string of international smash hits like; Saa Charju, Bach Mitran, Hun Moi and Budda Jatt.She is the first Indian female Bhangra singer from United Kingdom to be invited to perform in Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, with further performances across Europe, Germany, Amsterdam, Italy.
1992-2009, Surrey & England
1985–2005, Leicestershire, Lancashire, Boland, Derbyshire & England
1987-2000 & 2008, Leicestershire,Nottinghamshire,Surrey & England
1984-2003, Derbyshire,Northamptonshire, Leicestershire & England
Avinash Chandra(1931–1991) and his brilliant colour watercolour paintings meant in the 1960s he gained widespread recognition, exhibiting across Europe and the US. In 1965, Chandra became the first Indian British artist to exhibit at the Tate Gallery.
Tyeb Mehta( 1925-1991) was an exceptional modernist painter who sold his triptych Celebration, for $317,500 at a Christie's auction in 2002, - the highest sum for an Indian painting at an international auction.He received several awards during his career including the Padma Bhushan by Govt. of India in 2007.
Anwar Jalal Shemza ( 1928 – 1985) was a superb modernist artist and writer in the United Kingdom. Despite being better known as an artist, Shemza published several Urdu novels and books of poetry in the 1950s and Radio plays. He was also an accomplished printmaker, having his work exhibited at the International Print Biennial in Tokyo
Francis Newton Souza (1924 – 2002), commonly referred to as F. N. Souza, was an Indian artist. A founding member of the Progressive Artists' Group of Bombay, and was the first post-independence Indian artist to achieve high recognition in the West.
Monica Ali is a Bangladeshi-born British writer and novelist. In 2003, she was selected as one of the "Best of Young British Novelists" by Granta magazine based on her unpublished manuscript; her debut novel, Brick Lane, was published later that year. It was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize. It was adapted as a 2007 film of the same name. She has also published three other novels.
Hanif Kureishi, CBE is a British playwright, screenwriter, filmmaker and novelist of Pakistani and English descent.In 2008, The Times included Kureishi in their list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945"
Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie FRSL is a British Indian novelist and essayist. His second novel, Midnight's Children (1981), won the Booker Prize in 1981 and was deemed to be "the best novel of all winners" on two separate occasions, marking the 25th and the 40th anniversary of the prize.
Meera Syal, CBE is a British comedian, writer, playwright, singer, journalist, producer and actress. She won the Betty Trask Award for her first book Anita and Me and the Media Personality of the Year award at the Commission for Racial Equality's annual Race in the Media awards in 2000. She was given the Nazia Hassan Foundation award in 2003.
Linford Cicero Christie OBE is a Jamaican-born British former sprinter. He is the only British man to have won gold medals in the 100 metres at all four major competitions open to British athletes: the Olympic Games, the World Championships, the European Championships and the Commonwealth Games. He was the first European to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m and still holds the British record in the event. He is a former world indoor record holder over 200 metres.
Sir Mohamed Muktar Jama "Mo" Farah, is the United Kingdom's most successful distance runner. The most successful British track athlete in modern Olympic Games history, he is the 2012 and 2016 Olympic gold medallist in both the 5000m and 10,000m Farah also completed the 'distance double' at the 2013 and 2015 World Championships in Athletics.
Colin Ray Jackson, CBE is a British former sprint and hurdling athlete who specialised in the 110 metres hurdles. During a career in which he represented Great Britain and Wales, he won an Olympic silver medal, became world champion twice, World indoor champion once. His world record of 12.91 seconds for the 110m hurdles stood for over a decade and he remains the 60 metres hurdles world record holder
Francis Morgan Ayodélé "Daley" Thompson, CBE is a British former decathlete. He won the decathlon gold medal at the Olympic Games in 1980 and 1984, and broke the world record for the event four times. With four world records, two Olympic gold medals, three Commonwealth titles, and wins in the World and European Championships, Journalist Robert Chalmers described him as "the greatest all-round athlete this country [United Kingdom] has ever produced".
Steven Kapur , known by the stage name Apache Indian, is a British singer-songwriter and reggae DJ. He had a series of hits during the 1990's. Two examples are the smash hits Nuff Vibes and Boom Shack-A-Lak.
Jay Sean (born Kamaljit Singh Jhooti) is a British singer and songwriter. His 2009 "Down" single made him the best-selling Male Artist in North America since Elton John.
Rajinder Singh Rai better known by his stage name Panjabi MC, is a British musician and DJ of Punjabi descent. He is best known for the worldwide bhangra hit, "Mundian To Bach Ke" of 2002. Allmusic has called him "one of the most prominent names in bhangra".
Talvin Singh, OBE , is a producer and composer and tabla player, known for creating an innovative fusion of Indian classical music and drum and bass. He was awarded an OBE in the 2014 Birthday List for services to the Music Industry.
Una Winifred Atwell was a Trinidadian pianist who enjoyed great popularity in Britain and Australia from the 1950s with a series of boogie-woogie and ragtime hits, selling over 20 million records
Dame Shirley Veronica Bassey, DBE is a Welsh singer whose career began in the mid-1950s, best known both for her powerful voice and for recording the theme songs to the James Bond films Goldfinger, Diamonds Are Forever, and Moonraker.She has sold more than 135 million records over her career.
Dame Cleo Laine, Lady Dankworth, DBE is an English jazz and pop singer and an actress, known for her scat singing and for her vocal range. Laine is the only female performer to have received Grammy nominations in the jazz, popular and classical music categories. In 1978, the Sunday Times dubbed her "quite simply the best singer in the world."
Essex's Sade became a sensation when she burst onto the Scene in 1984 with Smooth Operator, a UK No.19 but No.1 in US, where she remains a superstar to this day. All of her albums have gone platinum in America and they've all reached the top three, making Sade one of the most successful British artists of all time.
Ackee and saltfish is a traditional Jamaican dish. It is the Jamaican National Dish. The ackee fruit was imported to The Caribbean from Ghana before 1725, as Ackee or Aki is another name for the Akan tribe, Akyem. It is also known as Blighia sapida. The scientific name honours Captain William Bligh who took the fruit from Jamaica to the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew, England in 1793 and introduced it to science
Curry is an umbrella term referring to a number of dishes originating in the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent. The common feature is the use of complex combinations of spices or herbs, usually including turmeric, cumin, ginger, and fresh or dried hot chillies. Curry powder, a commercially prepared dish is commonly thought to have first been prepared by Indian merchants for sale to members of the British Colonial government and army returning to Britain.
Egusi is a West African name for the seeds of plants like squash, melons, and gourds that, when dried and ground become a staple ingredient in many West African dishes. Particularly, in Nigerian culture, egusi is a popular with pounded yam. These seeds are rich in fat and protein, and add these essential nutrients into West African Cuisine. Nigerian Egusi Soup is a soup thickened with ground melon seeds and contains leafy and other vegetables. It is one of the most popular soups prepared by most tribes in Nigeria with considerable variation and often eaten with dishes like Pounded Yams. Prepare it with goat, beef, fish, or shellfish!
Rice and peas is the mainstay of the cuisines of The Bahamas,|Jamaica,Trinidad and Tobago,Barbados and many other English-speaking Caribbean islands. Rice and peas is traditionally, but not exclusively, eaten with the Sunday dinner/Sunday meal. The dish is made with rice and any available legume, such as kidney beans, pigeon peas (known as gungo peas), or cowpeas, the combination of grain and a legume forming a complete protein. The classic Sunday lunch dish, is usually served with a stewed meat, such as chicken, beef, lamb or pork, or fish or seafood such as shrimp, crab or king fish.
Black History Month (BHM) in the UK has been running for the past 30 years, it has played a key role in recognising the value of living and working in multi-cultural Britain. The aim of BHM is to raise awareness of 500 years of Black History in the UK, highlighting the many positive Black contributions to British society, and the heighten confidence and awareness of Black people in their cultural heritage.
Empire Windrush is best remembered today for bringing one of the first large groups of post-war West Indian immigrants to the United Kingdom after World War II at the invitation of the British Goverment. They are sometimes referred to as the Windrush generation. In 2006, the Empire Windrush made it into the Top 20 A Portrait of England List as voted for people across the country. The list celebrated icons of England.
The UK has adopted curry as a "national dish", with more than 9,000 Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi restaurants and the creation of British-Asian dishes such as chicken tikka masala and balti, according to the National Curry Week website which says about 23 million people eat curry regularly. In 2006, the Curry Dish made it into the Top 20 A Portrait of England List as voted for people across the country. The list celebrated icons of England.
The Notting Hill Carnival is an annual event that has taken place in London since 1966 on the streets of Notting Hill, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, each August over two days (the August bank holiday Monday and the preceding Sunday). The Carnival attracts around one million people annually, making it one of the world's largest street festivals, and a significant event in Black British culture
500 West Indians arrived at Tilbury in 1948 -the start of significant post war migration from Africa and the Carribean. Today there are over 1.6 million residents of Afro-carribean descent in England
The racist murder of Kelso Cochrane shook the nation and reverberated around the Commonwealth.Cochrane's murder is thought to have led to a decline in support for British nationalism
A group of South Asian women took to the streets in revolt at poor working conditions led by the extraordinary woman, Jayaben Desai. Trade Unions previously seen as hostile to immigrant workers , rallied round the Grunwick workers and the dispute changed the perception of immigrants in the work force.
The racist murdr of 19 year old, Stephen Lawrence became one of the highest profile racial killings in UK history. Its fallout included profound cultural changes to attitudes on racism, to the law and police practice and the partial revocation of double jeopardy laws.
1928-146 - Oxford, Worcestershire, Southern Punjab, & England
1924-1931 - Sussex, Cambridge University,Hindus & England
1987-2004 - Essex & England
1893-1920 -Cambridge University, London County,Sussex & England
Former WBO, WBC, IBF, and Lineal featherweight champion, and European bantamweight champion
Former International Boxing Organization (IBO) welterweight Champion,Commonwealth welterweight title, WBF Inter-Continental Light Middleweight Champion
Former two time world champion WBA (Super) and IBF Light Welterweight Champion
Two time KickBoxing World Champion, Three time European Champion and Three time British Champion
Played 1974 - 1995 Defender.Nottingham Forsest, Arsenal, Man Utd, Sheffield Wednesday, Barnsley, Middlesbough & England
Played 1981 - 1999 Midfield, Watford, Liverpool, Newcastle, Charlton & England
Played 1908 -1914 Wing Half, Tottenham Hospurs, Northanptiom
Played 1885 - 1902 Goalkeeper, Darlington, Preston, Sheffield United, Stockport County
Dame Jessica Ennis-Hill DBE is a retired British track and field athlete from England, specialising in multi-eventing disciplines . As a competitor in heptathlon, she is the 2012 Olympic champion, a three-time world champion (2009, 2011, 2015). She is also the 2010 world indoor pentathlon champion.
Dame Kelly Holmes, DBE (born 19 April 1970) is a retired British middle distance athlete. Holmes specialised in the 800 metres and 1500 metres events and won a gold medal for both distances at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. She set British records in numerous events and still holds the records over the 600, 800 and 1000 metre distances.
Christine Ijeoma Ohuruogu, MBE is a British track and field athlete who specialises in the 400 metres, the event for which she is a former Olympic, World and Commonwealth champion. The Olympic champion in 2008, she is a double World Champion, having won the 400m at the 2007 and 2013 World Championships.
Theresa Ione "Tessa" Sanderson, CBE is a retired English former javelin thrower and heptathlete. A six-time Olympian in the javelin (1976–1996), she won the gold medal in 1984 for Great Britain, and in 1996 she became the second track and field athlete to compete at six Olympics.She is one of only five women in history to have thrown the javelin (old model) over 73 metres. She was the first black British woman to have won an Olympic gold medal